Intertrigo is a very common inflammatory condition affecting areas of skin that are particularly in contact with each other, such as the groin, armpits, under the breasts, and skin folds on the anterior torso. These areas of the skin subject to friction are called intertriginous areas. In obese individuals, skin folds can occur in a variety of other areas and may be affected by intertrigo.
Risk factors for intertrigo include obesity, heat, and humidity. People with Intertrigo complain of redness, burning, and itching in the skin folds, most commonly in the groin, under the breast, and in the armpits. From time to time, long-time intertrigo can produce a musty smell. It is diagnosed by visual inspection after the elimination of infectious causes. The treatment involves the reduction of frictional forces, moisture and heat in the skin folds.
Intertrigo dermatitis can be infected by bacteria and fungi. Rashes in skin folds can occur in a number of other dermatological conditions outside of intertrigo. This can be avoided by losing weight and applying topical lubricating preparations before sports efforts. The prognosis of intertrigo is excellent.
What are the causes of intertrigo?
Simple intertrigo is irritating dermatitis caused by the combination of friction, increased temperature, and humidity, lack of air circulation, accumulation of sweat, urine, etc. It can be complicated by various microorganisms, such as yeast, dermatophyte fungi, bacteria, as well as allergic and irritant reactions to various drugs and chemicals. There are also some unusual exotic dermatological diseases that have a predilection to appear in intertriginous areas.
Environmental factors play a major role in the exacerbations of intertrigo. These include the most frequent temperature and humidity increases during the summer months.
Activities such as cycling or running, which produce repetitive movements, produce frictional forces that can hurt the skin. Men are predisposed to groin intertrigo because of the occlusion produced by the male external genitalia. The presence of large folds of the skin, such as those resulting from obesity, also increases the likelihood of intertrigo.
Intertrigo: easily recognizable symptoms
The symptoms of intertrigo include red and brown itching, burning and rashes with or without oozing in the intertriginous areas, sometimes a bad smell of powdery or dusty rashes. From time to time, long-time intertrigo can produce a musty smell. The affected areas become inflamed and are sometimes peeled or scaly.
It is found in various parts of the body involved in the folds of the skin: armpits, under the breasts, genital area, abdomen, folds of the neck, between the toes, inside the thighs, in the groin, between the buttocks , the back of the knee, etc.
What types of doctors diagnose and treat intertrigo?
Intertrigo can be diagnosed by most doctors only on the basis of its appearance – a red rash affecting one or more intertriginous areas. If the condition does not respond to conventional treatments, then consult a dermatologist.
What are the complications of intertrigo?
Intertrigo can be complicated by a variety of infectious microorganisms that must be removed before the condition is likely to improve. Since fungal infections are very common in intertriginous areas, it is important to perform appropriate tests (such as microscopic analysis of small scrapings of affected skin) to rule out this problem. Most dermatologists and some primary care physicians are able to mount tartar potassium hydroxide obtained from irritated skin directly to their practice and visualize the fungus under the microscope. There are a variety of other skin diseases that can present an image similar to intertrigo but are treated quite differently. If the condition does not respond to the simple treatment methods listed above, other diagnostic procedures may need to be performed to elucidate the true diagnosis.
What are the home remedies and treatments for intertrigo?
1. Conventional treatment
Conventional treatment of simple intertrigo The areas of involvement are covered with a mild topical steroid such as hydrocortisone cream 1%, which is available without a prescription, then covered with orally zinc oxide (Desitin) paste.
2. Tea tree oil
Tea tree oil has anti-fungal properties that make it an effective home remedy for intertrigo. Topical applications of this essential oil will relieve itching and bread. Tea tree oil eliminates candida infection and rejuvenates skin cells.
According to a 2004 study, tea tree oil can effectively cure yeast infections by altering their cell membrane. It can provide relief from pain, redness and inflammation caused by shiny, wet intertrigo.
People with sensitive skin should do a test before using it on the wrinkles of the affected body. Apply a small amount to your wrist or thighs to make sure it does not irritate your skin.